<sub id="t56hh"></sub>

    期刊文献+

    中国的工业生产力革命——用随机前沿生产模型对中国大中型工业企业全要素生产率增长的分解及分析 认领 被引量:379

    China's Industrial Productivity Revolution A Stochastic Frontier Production Function Analysis of TFP Growth in China's Large and Medium Industrial Enterprises
    收藏 分享 导出
    摘要 本文运用中国大中型工业企业1995—2002年期间的年度企业数据,系统地研究37个两位数工业行业的全要素生产率(TFP)增长趋势,并用随机前沿生产模型,将生产率增长分解为前沿技术进步(FTP)、相对前沿技术效率(TE)的变化、配置效率(AE)以及规模经济性(SE)四大因素。主要结论:(一)TFP的行业加权年均增长率为6.8%,并呈逐年上升的趋势;(二)前沿技术进步已经成为TFP增长的最重要动力,企业因前沿技术进步平均每年提高全要素生产率高达14个百分点;(三)企业相对前沿的技术效率差距拉大。已经严重阻碍了TFP增长,导致TFP平均每年下降7个百分点,这既是挑战,也是反映今后企业通过追赶先进技术提高生产力的潜力。(四)企业投入要素的配置效率对TFP增长几乎没有贡献,年均贡献仅为0.02个百分点,而企业的规模经济性对TFP的贡献也仅为负0.33个百分点,这与前沿技术进步和技术效率变化对TFP的影响相比都微不足道。分析表明,前沿技术进步一方面推动着生产力的快速增长,另一方面却加剧了企业间的技术效率差距,导致更激烈的市场竞争压力。世纪之交的中国最重要的工业企业正经历着一场以前沿技术进步及追赶先进企业为核心的生产力革命。 Using the stochastic frontier production function analysis and a firm-level panel data collected by the National Bureau of Statistics of China, this paper examines the total factor productivity growth of China's large and medium-sized industrial enterprises sector during 1995—2002. The major findings include: (1) The weighted average of the annual growth of TFP in China's large and medium industrial enterprises sector was as high as 6.8% with a rising trend during 1996—2002; (2) The contribution to TFP growth by Frontier Technology Progress reached as much as 14 percentage points a year on average; (3) The decline in Technical Efficiency (Relative to the Frontier) reduced the growth of TFP by 7.1 percentage points a year on average; (4) Allocative Efficiency contributed on average only 0.02 percentage points a year to the growth of TFP and Scale Dis-Economy slowed the growth of TFP by 0.33 percentage points a year. The results show that at the turn of the century, the most important part of China's industry was in the middle of an industrial productivity revolution driven by both frontier technological progress and the great potential of catching up in technical efficiency by the lagging enterprises. The revolution is driven by increased competition, privatization, foreign investment, and business expansion.
    作者 涂正革 肖耿 Zhengge Tu, Huazhong University of Science & Technology; Geng Xiao, The University of Hong Kong
    出处 《经济研究》 CSSCI 北大核心 2005年第3期4-15,共12页 Economic Research Journal
    关键词 大中型工业企业 TFP 中国 全要素生产率 技术效率 规模经济性 配置效率 前沿技术 随机 变化 Total Factor Productivity, Frontier Technology Progress, Technical Efficiency, Scale Economy, Allocative Efficiency
    • 相关文献

    参考文献14

    • 1姚洋,章奇.中国工业企业技术效率分析[J].经济研究,2001(10):13-19. 被引量:594
    • 2姚洋.非国有经济成分对我国工业企业技术效率的影响[J].经济研究,1998(12):29-35. 被引量:324
    • 3胡鞍钢 郑京海.《中国全要素生产率为何明显下降》[J].北京大学中国经济研究中心政策性研究简报,2004,15(431). 被引量:8
    • 4Aigner, D. J., C. A. K. Loven, and P. Schmidt,1997, "Formulation and Estimation of Stochastic Frontier Production Function Models."Journal of Econometrics, 6:1, July, 21-37. 被引量:1
    • 5Kumbhakar, S. C. and C. A. K. Loven, (2000), Stochastic Frontier Analysis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 被引量:1
    • 6Kumbhakar, S. C. (2000), "Estimation and decomposition of productivity change when production is not efficient:a panel data approach."Econometric Review, 19, 425-460. 被引量:1
    • 7Kalirajan, K. P., M. B. Obwona and S. Zhao. (1996), "A Decompositon of Total Factor Productivity Growth: The Case of Chinese Agricultural Growth Before and After Reforms. " American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 78,331-338. 被引量:1
    • 8Jondrow, James, C. A. K. Love[l, I. S. Materov, P. Schmidt. (1982), "On the Estimation of Technical Inefficiency in the Stochastic Frontier Production Function Model." Journal of Econometrics, 19, 23:8, 233-239. 被引量:1
    • 9Meeusenm, W., and J. van den Broeck. (1977), "Efficiency Estimation from Cobb-Douglas Producton Functions with Composed Error".International Economic Reviews, 18:2, 435-44. 被引量:1
    • 10Nishimizu, M. and J. M. Page. (1982), "Total Factor Productivity Growth, Technical Progress and Technical Efficiency Change:Dimensions of Productivity Change in Yugoslavia, 1965-78. " The Economic Journal, 92, 929-936. 被引量:1

    共引文献853

    同被引文献5400

    引证文献379

    202103读书月活动
    维普数据出版直通车
    今日学术
    投稿分析
    职称考试

    相关作者

    内容加载中请稍等...

    相关机构

    内容加载中请稍等...

    相关主题

    内容加载中请稍等...

    浏览历史

    内容加载中请稍等...
    ;
    使用帮助 返回顶部 意见反馈
    福利阁导航