The vulnerability was measured based on the data of 23 resources-exhausting cities in Chinese from 2003 to 2014, and the pattern of concentration of the vulnerability and spatial correlation characteristics was explored through the Moran＇s I and LISA method. The results showed that： vulnerability of resources-exhausting cities possessed stronger autocorrelation, and presented the phenomenon of spatial agglomeration; the type of H-H aggregation area mainly located in the northeast China, while the type of L-L aggregation area mainly distributed in central and south China. The vulnerability of Yichun, Hegang, Qitaihe and Shuangyashan in Heilongjiang Province is higher, and it had strong correlation with each other, which made it difficult to get rid of the dilemma of resource depletion.The cities in the different regions should be developed according to the various feature. Concretely, the local government should help Yichun, Hegang, Qitaihe and Shuangyashan get out of the trouble of resource exhaustion by strengthening the policy support . Meanwhile, it should take Hegang as the center of these cities, which＇s development model would be explored to help itself and other cities transform and upgrading the existing industrial. Moreover, the city that possessed the lower vulnerability should push more aggressively into local advantageous industries, and continuously improve the stability of the city.
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